Dentists and occupational diseases: A descriptive study in Tunisian population
Soumaya Touzi, Rim Kallala, Ali kessemtini, Behaeddin Garrach, Mohamed Habib Chaouch
Introduction: Occupational diseases are health problems that occur to individuals as a result of exposure to factors arising from work activity. Dentists are exposed to many factors which could affect General health. The objective of the study was to determine the occupational diseases among Tunisian dentists through a survey and calculate their prevalence while comparing with other countries in the world. Material and method: Through ''Google forms’, a web questionnaire was sent to dentists who participated anonymously and voluntary. A total of 331 dentists, from all regions of Tunisia, participated in the survey.Results: 71.6% female and 28.4% male participated in the study. Among them, 42% belonged to the state sector and 58% to the private sector. Dentists in Tunisia suffer mainly from Stress 80.2% and Back pain 87%, followed by musculoskeletal disorders 61.6% and visual disorders 60%. As well as psychological problems 38. 4%, hearing troubles 33.3% and Allergies 34.3%. Statistically significant differences between males and females concerning back pain, musculoskeletal disorders, Hearing disorders, allergies and psychological disorders. Statistically not significant differences among age ranges for all health problems, except musculoskeletal disorders which seems to be proportional to age. Conclusion: The profession of the dental doctor is undoubtedly a highly risked job, altering over time the general health particularly locomotor functions. This investigation showed that 87% of Tunisian dentists suffer from back pains and 80% suffer from stress. Futures dentists have to aware of these health hazards and have to learn ergonomics ways of working in order to maintain good health.
Soumaya Touzi, Rim Kallala, Ali kessemtini, Behaeddin Garrach, Mohamed Habib Chaouch. Dentists and occupational diseases: A descriptive study in Tunisian population. International Journal of Educational Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 04-07